What Are Autoimmune Disorders? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, And Facts

autoimmune disorders

Immunity against various diseases is a very crucial part of the human body. With a strong immunity system, you can outlive many health issues. However, there is a flip side to everything.

In case your immunity goes sideways, it may have a negative effect on your health. Autoimmune Disorders, for instance, are a problem that occurs when the human body’s immune system becomes hyperactive.

When the human body’s immune system becomes overly active, it may attack and damage the healthy tissues of the human body. This is what medical experts and doctors call Autoimmune Disorder.

There are 80 types of Autoimmune Disorders that affect the human body. This article has talked about causes, symptoms, effects, and cures for Autoimmune Disorders.

If you are suffering from such a problem or just curious, this article should help you gather valuable info about this article.

What Are Autoimmune Disorders?

What Are Autoimmune Disorders?

When you have lower immunity power than your body requires, you have what the doctors call low immunity disorder. But, if the immunity system overreacts, you get Autoimmune Disorders. 

When such a health issue occurs, your immune system attacks and damages the healthy body tissues.

Sometimes there is an unknown trigger that sets off the immunity system in creating antibodies. These antibodies harm the body’s own tissues instead of fighting off infections and diseases. 

In such health conditions, doctors treat them by reducing the activity of the immunity system. There are a number of autoimmune disorders that affect the human body. Here are some of the examples-

  • Rheumatoid arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects the joints of the female body. It causes inflammation, swelling, and pain. 
  • Lupus or Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disorder that affects the human lungs, cells, nerves, kidneys, etc. 
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases are another effect of autoimmune disorders. Fever, urgent bowel movements, abdominal pain are some of the symptoms of this disease.  
  • Psoriasis affects the skin leaving thick, scaly patches on your skin. 
  • Psoriatic arthritis is another effect of autoimmune disorder that affects patients with psoriasis. 

There are 80 different autoimmune disorders that the human body may suffer from. 

What Causes Autoimmune Disorders?

What Causes Autoimmune Disorders?

Due to autoimmune disorders, the human immune system cannot distinguish between healthy cells and tissues and the antigens that are potentially harmful. Consequently, the immune system starts its course of destroying healthy human cells and tissues. 

The autoimmune disorder causes serious damage to the human body; sometimes resulting in-

  • Body tissue destruction
  • Abnormal growth of the human organs
  • Change in the way any organ functions

Some of the popular reasons for an autoimmune disorder are-

  • side effects of medications
  • Genetic reasons
  • Due to smoking
  • If a patient has one disease associated with an autoimmune disorder, they may develop another
  • The rate of autoimmune disorders is largely visible among women.
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Infections
  • And obesity 

Symptoms Of Autoimmune Disorders

Symptoms Of Autoimmune Disorders

There are several symptoms of having an overly active immune system. Most symptoms are associated with the type of disease that occurs due to the immune disorder in your body. Some of the symptoms include-

How To Diagnose Autoimmune Disorders?

How To Diagnose Autoimmune Disorders?

There is no specific test that can reveal if you have an autoimmune disorder. You may have to go through a number of tests. 

The doctors will diagnose you and run tests based on the symptoms you are showing. In most cases, the doctors will suggest you take an antinuclear antibody test to see if the symptoms you are showing are associated with autoimmune disorders. 

Once the doctors are sure that you developed an autoimmune disorder, they will run more tests as per your body’s symptoms. 

Autoimmune Disease Treatment

Autoimmune Disease Treatment

Unfortunately, treatments cannot cure this disease. Doctors usually try to help patients with meds to reduce the symptoms and the suffering. The treatment helps reduce the activity of the immune system.

Doctors will usually prescribe you anti-inflammatory drugs and immune-suppressing drugs. 

It would help if you remembered that these treatments are only for easing the pain, fatigue, swelling, and skin rashes. Doctors also recommend eating a balanced diet and doing healthy exercises to ease the difficulty.

However, there is no definite treatment to cure a disease caused by an autoimmune disorder completely. 

Frequently Asked Questions

The above sections may already have simplified to you what autoimmune disorder is. Now, if you want to know further about this disease, you can follow the popularly asked internet questions that I have answered below. 

Q1. What Are The 5 Most Common Autoimmune Diseases?

Ans: There are 80 different types of autoimmune diseases. All of these diseases occur due to autoimmune disorders. Here are five such diseases that occur due to the overactivity of the human immune system. 
Celiac Disease.
Juvenile Spondyloarthritis.

Q2. Can Autoimmune Disease Go Away?   

Ans: Unfortunately, there is still no cure for autoimmune diseases. The doctors can surely treat the symptoms and offer you medication. But the disease does not go away. They may reduce, and you may have very mild symptoms. But no treatment cannot yet fully cure diseases caused by autoimmune disorders.

Q3. How Do You Get Autoimmune Disease?

Ans: When the human body’s immune system goes wild, it does not understand the difference between healthy body cells and the viruses and bacteria that attack the human body
As a result, the immune system attacks the healthy body tissues and damages your body. 

Q4. What Does Autoimmune Fatigue Feel Like?

Ans: Fatigue due to Autoimmune disorder feels like sleepiness and tiredness. When the immune system mistakenly harms your body cells and tissues, you feel fatigued and feel like tiredness. 


There are around a 23.5million Americans suffering from Autoimmune disorders and any of the diseases associated with this syndrome. Most of the symptoms that the patients have are life-threatening. 

The above article should help you understand the disease in detail and also help you take measures against this disease. However, if you have any symptoms, it is better to get it checked by an expert and start your treatment.

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