Menopause – Symptoms, Causes, Effect And Treatment


Many women are familiar with the word menopause.  Many of them know that this is the time when they may never have to give birth again.  Even though there is so much information out there in the public domain about menopause, not so much of that is true.   

In fact, there are so many myths and misconceptions about and around this matter. As such, people have been issuing so much wrong information about this issue.  Even though there has been some tiny truth in all this, so much information has been conveyed out there about the same.   

What Is Menopause?


The fact that there is so much wrong information about menopause does not mean that there is no truth about the issue.  In fact, for the person interested in information around this issue the truth is exactly what you need to be seeking.  Menopause is that period that marks the end of a menstrual period in women.    

In many women, the period is determined after a woman misses a menstrual period for about 12 months.  As a woman, when you go for this period without seeing your period then you are deemed to be in your menopause period. However, it should also be noted that this is not always the case in all women.   

Even though menopause is characterized by missing a period for that time, there are other exceptional cases.  For instance, there are some women that can go for that period without a period but that is due to a disorder.  Thus, it can be said that missing a menstrual period for that time does not directly translate to menopause.   

The Menopause Period In Women

The Menopause Period In Women

One thing that has not been so clear about this issue of menopause is the issue of age.  Many do not know much about the menopause age, something that has brought in such great confusion. For purposes of planning, it is very important to have a clear idea of when exactly this period will begin.   

Well to put it in plain, there is no such thing as a standard menopause period.  This period varies from one person to the other.  There are some people who experience menopause in their 40s while others have to go up to their 50s.  Nonetheless, it can be said that the average menopause period in a lady is 51 years old.

However, there are some extreme and unique cases where the menopause age might go beyond this period.  However, in many cases, the menopause period never goes beyond the 51 ages. This is why it is so essential for any woman to plan on giving not beyond these years.

Menopause is a biological period 

A menopause period cannot be created or be artificial, it is a natural biological process that comes in naturally. Menopause comes with so many physical symptoms which might include some hot flashes.  Other than that, there might also be other things like emotional symptoms which might cause sleep disruption.  

The good thing though is there are so many effective treatment measures for menopause. However, out of all these treatment methods, the most effective of them all is a lifestyle. Other than that, you can also do some adjustments together with hormone therapy.  

 Menopause symptoms 

There are quite a number of menopause symptoms and signs that you need to be looking out for.  However, these signs might vary from one person to the other depending on quite a number of things.  Irregular periods, hot flashes and mood changes are some of the signs of menopause in women.

There are many others but as said, these signs vary from one person to the other. However, if you see these signs then you might have to look for a doctor.  Seeing a doctor might allow you to determine whether you are in your menopause stage or not.  The symptoms of menopause are not to be ignored by anyone at all.  

When Exactly Do You Need To See A Doctor?

When Exactly Do You Need To See A Doctor?

When you start experiencing menopause then the first thing you might want to do is see a doctor.  The doctor will, first of all, help you whether you are in menopause or not. Depending on the outcome of his or her own finding you will be advised accordingly.  

If you are in menopause, for instance, you might be advised accordingly with the right treatment advised for you.  If you are suffering from something else then the doctor will also be able to recommend the right correction steps for you.  

Menopause treatment 

The signs of menopause might vary from one person to the other.  Nonetheless, if you have any of these signs then it will be much easier for you to look for appropriate treatment.  It is worth noting that many of the problems that come with menopause are treatable.   

This means any problems you notice with yourself can be treated in the hospital.  Thus, do not just suffer in silence, look for treatment where you feel that you are not completely okay.  Depending on your condition, you will be able to secure help in the end.

Menopause causes

There are quite a number of factors that give rise to menopause.  One of these causes is the naturally declining hormones.  That is the main cause of menopause in women, other than that, there are also others like chemotherapy together with radiation therapy.   

There are also other cases of primary ovarian insufficiency which occurs in about 1% of women.  This condition might be due to premature menopause and other problems as well.  However, it is a very rare condition that affects a very tiny percentage of women.

Complications Associated With Menopause

Complications Associated With Menopause

Here’s a closer look at some common complications associated with menopause: 

1. Vasomotor Symptoms:  

Vasomotor symptoms, such as hot flashes and night sweats, are among the most common and bothersome complications of menopause. These symptoms are thought to result from hormonal fluctuations and changes in the body’s thermoregulatory mechanisms.  

Hot flashes can range from mild to severe, causing sudden sensations of heat, flushing, sweating, and discomfort, often accompanied by palpitations, anxiety, and sleep disturbances.  

While vasomotor symptoms typically improve over time, they can significantly impact quality of life and may require management with lifestyle modifications, hormone therapy, or other treatments. 

2. Genitourinary Symptoms:  

Menopause can lead to changes in the genitourinary tract, including vaginal dryness, atrophy, and discomfort, and urinary symptoms such as urgency, frequency, and incontinence.  

These symptoms are primarily attributed to declining estrogen levels, which can result in thinning, drying, and loss of elasticity in vaginal tissues, as well as changes in the urethra and bladder.  

Genitourinary symptoms can contribute to sexual dysfunction, pain with intercourse, urinary tract infections, and diminished quality of life. Treatment options may include vaginal moisturizers, lubricants, estrogen therapy, pelvic floor exercises, and behavioral strategies. 

3. Bone Health:  

Estrogen plays a crucial role in maintaining bone density and strength, so the decline in estrogen levels associated with menopause can increase the risk of osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weak, brittle bones that are prone to fracture. Postmenopausal women are at greater risk of developing osteoporosis than premenopausal women, particularly if they have additional risk factors such as: 

  • family history,  
  • low body weight,  
  • smoking,  
  • excessive alcohol consumption,  
  • or inadequate calcium, and  
  • vitamin D intake.  

Prevention and management of osteoporosis may involve lifestyle modifications, calcium and vitamin D supplementation, weight-bearing exercise, and pharmacological interventions such as bisphosphonates or hormone therapy. 

4. Cardiovascular Health:

Menopause is associated with changes in cardiovascular risk factors, including alterations in lipid profiles, blood pressure, and body composition, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Estrogen has cardioprotective effects, so the decline in estrogen levels during menopause may contribute to the development of CVD in postmenopausal women.  

Women who experience early menopause or surgical menopause (e.g., removal of ovaries) may be at higher risk of CVD than those who undergo natural menopause at a later age.  

Prevention and management of CVD in menopausal women may involve lifestyle modifications, regular physical activity, healthy diet, smoking cessation, and management of other risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia.  

5. Mental Health:  

Menopause is often accompanied by changes in mood, cognition, and mental health, which can vary widely among individuals. Some women may experience symptoms such as irritability, mood swings, anxiety, depression, forgetfulness, and difficulty concentrating during menopause, which can impact daily functioning and quality of life.  

These changes are thought to be influenced by hormonal fluctuations, sleep disturbances, vasomotor symptoms, and psychosocial factors. Management of mental health symptoms may involve lifestyle modifications, stress management techniques, supportive therapy, and, in some cases, pharmacological interventions. 


There is so much menopause that you as a woman need to know.  The text above contains some crucial information about this process that you need to know as a person.  The information will help you a lot in so many areas about and around this issue.  

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    Harsha Sharma

    Harsha is a senior content writer with numerous hobbies who takes great pride in spreading kindness. Earning a Postgraduate degree in Microbiology, she invests her time reading and informing people about various topics, particularly health and lifestyle. She believes in continuous learning, with life as her inspiration, and opines that experiences enrich our lives.

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