A kidney stone is generally a very hard substance. They are made from chemicals that are present in the urine. This condition can be extremely painful, and can even lead to infections of the kidney or the organ may even fail to work properly if it does not get treated properly.
Keep reading till the end to find out about stages of passing a kidney stone!
What Is A Kidney Stone?
Urine is known to contain many dissolved wastes in it. When there are too much waste in too little of a liquid, crystals start forming. These crystals then attract other elements and then join together to create a form of solid that just keeps getting larger unless and until it gets passed out of the body with urine.
These chemicals are actually supposed to be eliminated in the urine by the kidney itself. The hard-substance-forming chemicals are cystine, urate, oxalate, phosphate, calcium and xanthine.
Tip: what do kidney stones look like in the toilet? – They appear in the form of small pebbles that vary in color and texture from person to person.
After that gets formed, the stone then travels down through the urinary tract and into the ureter. Sometimes, with the urine, tiny stones get passed out of the body without causing any form of pain.
While the bigger stones that don’t move causes a back-up of urine in the kidney, bladder, or the urethra, and that is what actually causes pain.
Keep reading till the end to find out about stages of passing a kidney stone woman!
Types Of Kidney Stones
There are primarily four types of kidney stones:
These are more rare and is very hard to get affected with them genetically.
- Uric Acid
This is the most common type of kidney stone. The higher intake of purine leads and takes form of this type of kidney stone. This type of kidney stone can be acquired genetically as well.
Tip: how long does it take to pass a kidney stone – a stone that is smaller than four milimeters may take one to two weeks to pass out.
- Calcium Oxalate
The Calcium Oxalate stones are formed as a combination of both of these elements. They are more a more common type of kidney stones. Inadequate fluid and calcium intake can cause this form of kidney stone.
Stages Of Passing A Kidney Stone
There are primarily four stages of passing a kidney stone – first the formation, the stone moving into the ureter, then reaching the bladder and exiting the body through / with urine.
Kidney stones are very painful but once it passes, the affected person should feel better. While one might be able to pass a kidney stone on their own at home – if, in extreme pain accompanied by a fever, then should seek medical attention immediately.
Tip: flomax for kidney stones are great as they work in the expulsion of kidney stones spontaneously.
If someone is not being able to pass a kidney stone on their own they might have to get them broken up or even taken them out surgically.
The size of kidney stones are as small as the grain of a sand. A few of them are bigger than that as well. The ones that are even more bigger than that are noticeable and felt usually.
The following are the symptoms that one needs to look out for, that would indicate the presence of a kidney stone:
- nausea and vomitting
- the presence of blood in the urine
- fever and chills
- vague stomach pain
- the presence of blood in the urine
- extreme pain in the the lower back region
The kidney stone may actually hurt very bad when it causes an irritation or blockage, that builds up rapidly and causes extreme pain. In majority of the causes, there have been instances where people have passed kidney stones without any form of damage. Even after that the pain is usually felt. There are several pain relievers available that can cause relief against the small stones.
Tip: what can mimic kidney stone pain – well appendicitis can! Also did you read about stages of passing a kidney stone, that I answered earlier? If not then you can go back and read it.
Other form of treatments are available as well – specially targeted towards the stones that cause other form of complications and long-lasting symptoms. In the rareity of cases, a surgery may be required.
These are the following ways how a diagnosis of a kidney stone takes place:
1. Blood Testing
The results of the blood test can show that your blood contains too much uric acid or calcium. This test aids in keeping an eye on kidney health and might prompt the doctor to look for additional medical issues.
Imaging tests are another tool that medical professionals employ to look for kidney stones. Finding the issues that led to kidney stones forming in the first place, such as birth abnormalities or an obstruction in the urinary tract, may also be aided by the testing. For these imaging studies, anaesthesia is not given.
3. Abdominal X-Ray
An abdominal x-ray produces a low radiation image of the belly that is stored on a computer or film. In a hospital or outpatient facility, the x-ray technician takes an abdominal x-ray, and a radiologist interprets the results.
The precise location of kidney stones in the urinary tract can frequently be determined by abdominal x-rays. However, it should be emphasised that not all stones appear on the abdomen x-ray.
4. Computed Tomography
X-rays and computer technologies are both commonly used in CT scans to produce images of the urinary system in patients. While a CT scan without a contrast medium is frequently used to observe the urinary system, a medical professional may choose to inject the patient with one instead. Contrast media are formed of dye or other chemicals that really create structures inside the body and help with imaging examinations.
5. Urine Testing
A 24-hour urine collection test is performed to see if you are passing too many minerals that help form stones or not enough compounds to stop the former from developing. Your doctor might advise you to perform urine tests twice in a row.
To Wrap It Up!
Thank you for reading up till here. I hope you found the information useful. Let me know in the comments your thoughts on the same.
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